Neo-Natal Mortality Rate India
The Neo-natal Mortality Rate (NNMR) is defined as the number of infant deaths of less than 29 days per thousand live births during the year. The neo-natal mortality rate in India is amongst highest in the world and skewed towards Rural India. Non-availability of trained manpower along with poor health infrastructure is one of the major hurdles in ensuring quality health and neo-natal care. Despite a decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), neonatal mortality is more or less static. It is therefore essential that neonates are provided utmost care at the first month of life so that neonatal deaths on account of asphyxia, infection, and preterm births could be prevented. The neonatal mortality constitutes about 75% of infant deaths in the country. Under the National Rural Health Mission, several initiatives have been undertaken to accelerate the pace of reduction of child mortality.