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Ministry of Railways

Working expense is the expenditure incurred in connection with the administration, operation, maintenance and repairs of lines opened for traffic. This also includes appropriation to Pension Fund and the contribution made to the Depreciation Reserve Fund to meet the cost of replacements and renewals.
Wagon usage statistics throw adequate light on most economic and judicious use of wagon available with the system. To ensure that the carrying capacity is fully utilised, move as much as possible and remain in good fettle, the following wagon usage statistics are compiled - (i) Wagon kilometres per wagon day figure is arrived at by dividing the kilometrage run by loaded and empty wagons, excluding brake vans and empty departmental wagons, by the wagon days. Wagon days are worked out by multiplying the average number of wagons on line daily by the number of days.
Stores are the supplies of materials or parts whether purchased externally or manufactured in railway workshops required for working the railway. The data describes about direct Stores imported, Imported stores purchased in India, Stores of Indian manufacture or of indigeneous origin, Total value of stores purchases.
Train usage statistics throw adequate light on optimum use of the trains which are run on the system. It has to ensure that a) the train is given as much load as possible within the maximum permissible limit, keeping in view the hauling capacity of engines and the strength of tracks, bridges, etc., and the length of the loop lines on the sections, etc. b) The train should move as quickly as possible so that maximum amount of revenue earning work is done. c) The trains are not unduly detained at likely places of detention.
Traffic Density is the volume of traffic moving between any two points on the Railway system. It is expressed in terms of Passenger Kilometres or Net Tonne Kilometre and Train Kilometres per Running Track Kilometre or Route Kilometre.
The Traffic Unit represents total of Passenger Kilometres and Freight Net Tonne KiloMetres. Data in the statement shows Traffic Units Per Employee and percentage variation over previous year/period.
Railway wagons are unpowered railway vehicles that are used for the carriage of goods. A variety of wagon types are in use to handle different types of goods, but all goods wagons in a regional network typically have standardized couplers and other fittings, such as hoses for air brakes, allowing different wagon types to be assembled into trains. Wagon, covered – Wagon of a watertight nature by virtue of the construction of the vehicle (completely covered on roof and sides), also characterized by the security of transport (possibility of locking and/or sealing the wagon).
Locomotives are the rail vehicles either with prime-mover and motor or with motor only (electric locomotive) used for hauling other vehicles. A distinction is made between steam locomotives, electric locomotives, diesel locomotives, etc., according to the type of motive power used. (i) Steam locomotive is one propelled by power supplied from a steam engine. (ii) Diesel-electric locomotive is one propelled by electricity supplied from diesel electric type internal combustion prime mover and irrespective of the number of units used.
Coaching vehicles are the railway vehicles used for the carriage of persons.Indian Railways run a number of different types of coaches, with different patterns of seating or berths, depending on the class of travel. Electric Multiple Unit (EMU)are the multiple unit trains consisting of self-propelled carriages, using electricity as the motive power. Rail cars- are self propelled vehicles the prime movers of which are internal combustion engines Inforrmation of coaching vehicles - Broad gauges, Metre gauges, Narrow gauges and all gauges is available in datasets.


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