Total Fertility Rate may be defined as average number of children that would be born to a woman if she experiences the current fertility pattern throughout her reproductive span (15-49 years). The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in a country. A TFR of 2.1 i.e., two children per women is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total population numbers.
The Still Birth Rate is defined as the number of still births per thousand live births and still births during the year. Pre-partum still births are those which are occurring before labour, may reflect genetic or gestation conditions, including maternal nutritional status, and exposure to infection and toxins during pregnancy. Intra-partum deaths, those occurring during the birth process, can reflect the circumstances of the birth (including position of the foetus, multiple births, premature delivery, placenta praevia, pelvic deformations and accidents due to interference).
The Neo-natal Mortality Rate (NNMR) is defined as the number of infant deaths of less than 29 days per thousand live births during the year. The neo-natal mortality rate in India is amongst highest in the world and skewed towards Rural India. Non-availability of trained manpower along with poor health infrastructure is one of the major hurdles in ensuring quality health and neo-natal care. Despite a decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), neonatal mortality is more or less static.
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is considered a primary and important indicator of a geographic area (country, state, county) overall health status or quality of life. Reduction of infant and child mortality has been an important tenet of the health policy of the Government of India and it has tried to address the issue right from the early stages of planned development. The National Population Policy (NPP) 2000, the National Health Policy 2002 and National Rural Health Mission (NRHM - 2005 to 2012) have laid down the goal.
The Crude Death Rate (CDR) indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the Crude Death Rate from the Crude Birth Rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration. Primary source of data for births and deaths is the registration of births and deaths under Civil Registration System (CRS) of the Office of Registrar General, India (ORGI).
The Crude Birth Rate (CBR) is defined as the number of live births per thousand population. It is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. Primary source of data for births and deaths is the registration of births and deaths under Civil Registration System (CRS) of the Office of Registrar General, India (ORGI). Since the reporting of births under CRS is not complete, ORGI estates CBR annually through Sample Registration System, a large scale demographic Survey Conducted by them.
The number of state-wise and district-wise availability of Sub-Centres, Primary Health Centres, Community Health Centres, Sub Divisional Hospitals and District hospitals In India.
The requirement is based on norm of one Health Worker (Female) / Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) at each Sub-Centre and Primary Health Centre and one Health Worker (Male) per each existing Sub Centre. Sanctioned and In-Position figures are as reported by the States / UTs. All India figures for Vacancy (Sanctioned In-position) and Shortfall (Requirement In-position) are the totals of State-wise Vacancy and Shortfall ignoring surplus in some States / UTs.
The data refers to total number of Sub Centres (SCs) / Primary Health Centres (PHCs) / Community Health Centres (CHCs) functioning according to the status of their building as per three categories i.e. a Government Building, a rented building and a rent free / panchayat / voluntary society building. It also gives the number of buildings under construction. The requirement of buildings is worked out as follows: Required Number = Total functioning - (Government Buildings + Under construction).
The requirement of infrastructure is calculated using the prescribed norms on the basis of provisional rural population from Census, 2011 and estimated rural tribal population in 2011 using percentage of tribal population out of rural population in 2001. All India shortfall is derived by adding state-wise figures of shortfall ignoring the existing surplus in some of the states.