The data refers to Time series data on Crude Death Rate (CDR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR).
The data refers to Child Mortality Rate by residence.
The Crude Death Rate (CDR) is defined as Number of deaths per thousand population. Primary source of data for births and deaths is the registration of births and deaths under Civil Registration System (CRS) of the Office of Registrar General, India (ORGI). Since the reporting of deaths under CRS is not Complete, ORGI estates CDR annually through Sample Registration System, a large scale demographic Survey Conducted by them.
The data refers to details on Mortality Burden of India, 2008 (estimated number of deaths by cause). The causes of mortality have been classified into 3 major categories namely: Communicable, Maternal, Perinatal and Nutritional Conditions, Non Communicable diseases and Injuries.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, in collaboration with the Registrar General of India (RGI), had launched an Annual Health Survey (AHS) in the erstwhile Empowered Action Group States (Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Rajasthan and Assam). AHS provides District-wise data on various parameters i.e.
Child mortality is often described as the best barometer of social and economic progress. Despite being one of the fastest growing economies, there has been no visible pattern between per capita income growth and the rate of reduction of child mortality rates. The Child Mortality (less than 5 years) in India constitutes about 18% to total deaths in the country. The decline in child mortality over the last nearly two decades masks a dangerous expansion of the child mortality gap between the richest and poorest families in India.
This statement gives state-wise information on key indicators relating to Population, fertility, mortality and current use of family planning methods.
The Neo-natal Mortality Rate (NNMR) is defined as the number of infant deaths of less than 29 days per thousand live births during the year. The neo-natal mortality rate in India is amongst highest in the world and skewed towards Rural India. Non-availability of trained manpower along with poor health infrastructure is one of the major hurdles in ensuring quality health and neo-natal care. Despite a decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), neonatal mortality is more or less static.
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is considered a primary and important indicator of a geographic area (country, state, county) overall health status or quality of life. Reduction of infant and child mortality has been an important tenet of the health policy of the Government of India and it has tried to address the issue right from the early stages of planned development. The National Population Policy (NPP) 2000, the National Health Policy 2002 and National Rural Health Mission (NRHM - 2005 to 2012) have laid down the goal.
The Crude Death Rate (CDR) indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the Crude Death Rate from the Crude Birth Rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration. Primary source of data for births and deaths is the registration of births and deaths under Civil Registration System (CRS) of the Office of Registrar General, India (ORGI).