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Health

The Sub Divisional and District Hospitals are government hospitals with more than 30 beds. Mobile Medical Units have been envisaged under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to provide preventive, promotive and curative health care in inaccessible areas and difficult terrains, which are underserved or unserved areas under usual circumstances. Functional Mobile Medical Units not only look after the curative aspects but also render Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) activities to promote healthy under the NRHM.
Family Planning methods regulate the number and spacing of children in a family through use of contraceptives or other methods of birth control. The sterilization is one of method also known as terminal method to regulate the family size preferably after two or three children. The sterilization methods adopted by the eligible couples in all facilities, (SCs, PHCs, CHCs), sub-divisional hospitals, districts hospitals etc. are recorded / uploaded in the Health Management Information System (Portal) by all the States / UTs.
The another spacing method is use of Oral Pill Cycles distributed at the district hospitals, sub-divisional hospitals and community health centres to the beneficiaries under free distribution scheme and also sold by companies under social marketing scheme are recorded and reported in the Health Management Information Systems (HMIS) portal by States/UTs. The equivalent oral pill users are calculated by dividing total number of oral pill cycles (packets) by thirteen.
The IUD Insertions is one of the spacing method adopted by the women to space the birth of children. The IUD Insertions done at the District Hospitals, Sub-divisional Hospitals and Community Health Centres during the reporting month are reported in the HMIS portal by all the States / UTs.
The another simple spacing method is use of condoms distributed at the district hospitals, sub-divisional hospital and community health centres to the beneficiaries under free distribution scheme and also sold by companies under social marketing scheme are recorded and reported in the Health Management Information System (HMIS) portal by States/UTs. The equivalent condoms users are calculated by dividing total number of condom distribution by seventy two during the year.
Child mortality is often described as the best barometer of social and economic progress. Despite being one of the fastest growing economies, there has been no visible pattern between per capita income growth and the rate of reduction of child mortality rates. The Child Mortality (less than 5 years) in India constitutes about 18% to total deaths in the country. The decline in child mortality over the last nearly two decades masks a dangerous expansion of the child mortality gap between the richest and poorest families in India.
Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births due to causes related to pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, regardless of the site or duration of pregnancy. Goal-5 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) relates to improving maternal health. Under this goal, a target of a 3/4th reduction of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) between 1990 and 2015 has been specified.
The Neo-natal Mortality Rate (NNMR) is defined as the number of infant deaths of less than 29 days per thousand live births during the year. The neo-natal mortality rate in India is amongst highest in the world and skewed towards Rural India. Non-availability of trained manpower along with poor health infrastructure is one of the major hurdles in ensuring quality health and neo-natal care. Despite a decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), neonatal mortality is more or less static.
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is considered a primary and important indicator of a geographic area (country, state, county) overall health status or quality of life. Reduction of infant and child mortality has been an important tenet of the health policy of the Government of India and it has tried to address the issue right from the early stages of planned development. The National Population Policy (NPP) 2000, the National Health Policy 2002 and National Rural Health Mission (NRHM - 2005 to 2012) have laid down the goal.
The Sub Divisional and District Hospitals are government hospitals with more than 30 beds. Mobile Medical Units have been envisaged under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to provide preventive, promotive and curative health care in inaccessible areas and difficult terrains, which are underserved or unserved areas under usual circumstances. Functional Mobile Medical Units not only look after the curative aspects but also render Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) activities to promote healthy under the NRHM.

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