The encouraging feature is that apart from continuation of the fall in the proportion of the urban poor, for the first time in the 1991 Census, there is also a reduction in the absolute numbers of the urban poor. As shown in the table, 67.1 million or 23.62 percent of India's urban population were below the poverty line in 1999-2000.
According to the 2001 Census, the total urban population is 285.35 million, which accounts for 27.78 per cent of the total population. While the total population in the country increased by 21.34 per cent in 1991-2001, urban population grew by 31.36 per cent during the same period. However the decadal growth rate in urban population of 31.36% is moderate component to growth rate achieved in earlier two decades. The year wise growth of urban population is shown in the table.
The Provisional Census Data of the 2001 Census reveals several significant facets of urbanization over the last decade. Of the 1.02 billion population, 285 million or 27.8 per cent live in the urban areas which comprise 5,161 towns, an increase of 2.1 per cent over the proportion of urban population in the 1991 Census. The data refers to the proportion of urban population to total population between 1961 and 2001.
The Crude Death Rate (CDR) is defined as Number of deaths per thousand population. Primary source of data for births and deaths is the registration of births and deaths under Civil Registration System (CRS) of the Office of Registrar General, India (ORGI). Since the reporting of deaths under CRS is not Complete, ORGI estates CDR annually through Sample Registration System, a large scale demographic Survey Conducted by them.
The data refers to the Net Availability of Cereals and Pulses in India (in Mn.tonnes). It gives details regarding net production, net imports and change in government stocks for various years. It also provides the Per capita Net Availability of Cereals and Pulses.
The data refers to state-wise details on the number of telephones per 100 population.
The data refers to region-wise, state-wise data on estimated population of wild elephants for the period 2002 onwards.
The data refers to State-wise data on forest occupancy and population estimates of tigers as per the refined methodology.
The table presents selected statistical indicators for India in terms of population and health, agriculture production, basic economic data, foreign trade, education and research & development. The data are taken from the DST, New Delhi and Economic Survey, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
The table presents number of researchers per million people and population figures for select countries. The data are taken from the UNESCO, World Bank and DST, New Delhi.