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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
The another simple spacing method is use of condoms distributed at the district hospitals, sub-divisional hospital and community health centres to the beneficiaries under free distribution scheme and also sold by companies under social marketing scheme are recorded and reported in the Health Management Information System (HMIS) portal by States/UTs. The equivalent condoms users are calculated by dividing total number of condom distribution by seventy two during the year.
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Last Updated: 25/04/14
Views 7,505
1,120 Downloads
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
Child mortality is often described as the best barometer of social and economic progress. Despite being one of the fastest growing economies, there has been no visible pattern between per capita income growth and the rate of reduction of child mortality rates. The Child Mortality (less than 5 years) in India constitutes about 18% to total deaths in the country. The decline in child mortality over the last nearly two decades masks a dangerous expansion of the child mortality gap between the richest and poorest families in India. Under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and within its umbrella the Reproductive and Child Health Programme Phase II, several interventions have been taken to accelerate the pace of reduction of child mortality. The Under five mortality Millennium Development Goal for 2015 for India is 38 (Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015) per 1000 live births which have reached to the level of 59 per 1000 live births in 2010. The under-five mortality is the probability (5q0) that a child born in a specific year or time period will die before reaching the age of five, subject to current age specific mortality rates. It is expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births. Office of Registrar General, India provides estimates of under five mortality India annually since 2008.
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Last Updated: 29/04/14
Views 5,174
1,368 Downloads
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births due to causes related to pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, regardless of the site or duration of pregnancy. Goal-5 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) relates to improving maternal health. Under this goal, a target of a 3/4th reduction of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) between 1990 and 2015 has been specified. Under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and within its umbrella, the Reproductive and Child Health Programme Phase II, the Government of India has taken a number of steps to accelerate the pace of reduction in maternal mortality.
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Last Updated: 25/04/14
Views 8,729
1,491 Downloads
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
This statement gives state-wise information on key indicators relating to Population, fertility, mortality and current use of family planning methods.
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Last Updated: 13/02/14
Views 5,205
1,944 Downloads
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
Total Fertility Rate may be defined as average number of children that would be born to a woman if she experiences the current fertility pattern throughout her reproductive span (15-49 years). The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in a country. A TFR of 2.1 i.e., two children per women is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total population numbers. Rates above two children per woman indicate population growing in size and whose median age is declining. Rates below two children per woman indicate population decreasing in size and growing older. Office of Registrar General, India estates TFR annually through Sample Registration System, a large scales demographic Survey Conducted by them.
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Last Updated: 25/04/14
Views 8,504
2,575 Downloads
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
The Still Birth Rate is defined as the number of still births per thousand live births and still births during the year. Pre-partum still births are those which are occurring before labour, may reflect genetic or gestation conditions, including maternal nutritional status, and exposure to infection and toxins during pregnancy. Intra-partum deaths, those occurring during the birth process, can reflect the circumstances of the birth (including position of the foetus, multiple births, premature delivery, placenta praevia, pelvic deformations and accidents due to interference).
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Last Updated: 25/04/14
Views 7,848
1,369 Downloads
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
The Neo-natal Mortality Rate (NNMR) is defined as the number of infant deaths of less than 29 days per thousand live births during the year. The neo-natal mortality rate in India is amongst highest in the world and skewed towards Rural India. Non-availability of trained manpower along with poor health infrastructure is one of the major hurdles in ensuring quality health and neo-natal care. Despite a decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), neonatal mortality is more or less static. It is therefore essential that neonates are provided utmost care at the first month of life so that neonatal deaths on account of asphyxia, infection, and preterm births could be prevented. The neonatal mortality constitutes about 75% of infant deaths in the country. Under the National Rural Health Mission, several initiatives have been undertaken to accelerate the pace of reduction of child mortality.
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Last Updated: 25/04/14
Views 7,092
842 Downloads
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is considered a primary and important indicator of a geographic area (country, state, county) overall health status or quality of life. Reduction of infant and child mortality has been an important tenet of the health policy of the Government of India and it has tried to address the issue right from the early stages of planned development. The National Population Policy (NPP) 2000, the National Health Policy 2002 and National Rural Health Mission (NRHM - 2005 to 2012) have laid down the goal.
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Last Updated: 25/04/14
Views 22,448
2,442 Downloads
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
The Crude Death Rate (CDR) indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the Crude Death Rate from the Crude Birth Rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration. Primary source of data for births and deaths is the registration of births and deaths under Civil Registration System (CRS) of the Office of Registrar General, India (ORGI). Since the reporting of deaths under CRS is not Complete, ORGI estates CDR annually through Sample Registration System, a large scale demographic survey conducted by them.
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Last Updated: 25/04/14
Views 10,961
917 Downloads

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