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Number of Sub-Centres, Primary Health Centres and Community Health Centres Established During Five Year Plans
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health and Family Welfare
Sub-Centre (SC) is the most peripheral and first contact point between the primary health care system and the community. One Sub Centre is to cover a population of 3000 in Hilly / Tribal / Difficult areas and 5000 in Plain areas. Each Sub-Centre is required to be manned by at least one Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) / Female Health Worker and one Male Health Worker. Under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), there is a provision for one additional second ANM on contract basis. Sub-Centres are assigned tasks relating to interpersonal communication in order to bring about behavioural change and provide services in relation to maternal and child health, family welfare, nutrition, immunization, diarrhoea control and control of communicable diseases programmes. The Sub-Centres are provided with basic drugs for minor ailments needed for taking care of essential health needs of men, women and children. Primary Health Centre (PHC) is the first contact point between village community and the Medical Officer. The PHCs were envisaged to provide an integrated curative and preventive health care to the rural population with emphasis on preventive and promotive aspects of health care. One PHC is to cover a population of 20000 in Hilly/ Tribal / Difficult areas and 30000 in Plain areas. As per minimum requirement, a PHC is to be manned by a Medical Officer supported by 14 paramedical and other staff. Under NRHM, there is a provision for two additional Staff Nurses at PHCs on contract basis. It acts as a referral unit for 6 Sub Centres and has 4 - 6 beds for patients. The activities of PHC involve curative, preventive, promotive and Family Welfare Services. As per minimum norms, a Community Health Centre (CHC) is required to be manned by four Medical Specialists i.e. Surgeon, Physician, Gynaecologist and Paediatrician supported by paramedical and other staff. It has 30 in-door beds with one OT, X-ray, Labour Room and Laboratory facilities. It serves as a referral centre for 4 PHCs and also provides facilities for obstetric care and specialist consultations. One CHC is to cover a population of 80000 in Hilly/ Tribal / Difficult areas and 1,20,000 in Plain areas.
Last Updated: 20/08/19